IRA contribution adjustments | Robinhood

IRA contribution adjustments

When making contributions to an IRA, you may consider requesting an adjustment or removal of the contributed funds for some situations, such as the following:

Before you begin

These events can be complicated, are tax-reportable, and may be taxable. We recommend you review these with a qualified tax professional before requesting them.

Reclassifications

Contributions to IRAs are unique as you have until your tax-filing deadline (usually April 15th) to allocate a contribution for the prior tax year. In the event you make a contribution between January 1 of this year and the tax filing deadline, you may need to adjust whether it’s counted towards your current tax year or the prior tax year. You can contact us to request a tax year adjustment for a contribution you made between January 1st and the tax filing deadline.

Example

You make a contribution for the current year in January, but then realize you haven’t yet met the maximum contribution limit for the previous tax year. You can request that we allocate your contribution for the prior tax year up until your tax-filing deadline.

Note

If you request an adjustment after you’ve already received your IRS Forms 5498 for that tax year, we’ll issue you a corrected 5498 after the adjustment is processed, which will reflect the adjustment.

Recharacterizations

Before you begin

We currently support cash-only recharacterizations, so be sure the money you want recharacterized is available for withdrawal. You’ll need to provide the date of the contribution involved and any earnings or losses associated with it. We don’t provide tax advice or assistance with the Net Income Attributable calculation for your recharacterization. For examples of how to calculate your own earnings or loss, check out the IRS Publication 590-A.

A recharacterization is changing the type of IRA that receives the IRA contribution, such as moving a contribution from your traditional IRA into your Roth IRA or vice versa. You can contact us to request a recharacterization. Before you can do a recharacterization, you must have both a Robinhood traditional IRA and Roth IRA account.

Example

You may have made a contribution to a Roth IRA, but then you realized your income was too high to qualify for a Roth contribution. A recharacterization allows you to move that contribution to a traditional IRA.

This movement must be completed by the tax filing deadline (plus extension) in the year for which your contribution was made. Generally, recharacterizations are reportable, but non-taxable events. Robinhood will report the withdrawal amount and its associated account to the IRS on Form 1099-R, and the same deposit amount and the associated account that’s receiving it on Form 5498.

Keep in mind

If you invested the contribution, you probably realized a gain or loss associated with it. When you request the recharacterization of the contribution, you must also include any earnings (also known as Net Income Attributable) or losses incurred. However, the earnings/loss calculation is not required if the entire account balance is being recharacterized. Also, you no longer can do recharacterizations for a Roth conversion.

Return of excess contributions

Before you begin

We currently support cash-only return of excess to your Robinhood brokerage account, so be sure the money you want to remove is available for withdrawal and you have your associated brokerage account number. This includes the amount you want to withhold for Federal or State taxes associated with any earnings. You’ll need to provide the date the excess contribution was made and any associated earnings or losses. We don’t provide tax advice or assistance with the Net Income Attributable calculation. For examples of how to calculate your own earnings or loss, check out the IRS Publication 590-A.

An excess contribution, also known as an overcontribution, is when you contribute more than is allowed into a traditional or Roth IRA for the tax year. You can contact us to request a return of an excess contribution.

Example

You made a full traditional IRA contribution with ABC Financial early in the tax year and then you later made a contribution into your Robinhood traditional IRA. Because IRA contribution limits apply to the total amount you contributed to all your IRA accounts, you may need to remove the excess contributions.

You have until the tax filing date (plus any extensions) to remove any excess contributions. Generally, if you don’t remove the excess amount by the deadline, you may owe a 6% IRS excise tax for every year the excess remains in the account. Return of excess transactions are reportable, and may be taxable events.

Keep in mind

If you invested the excess contribution, you probably realized a gain or loss associated with it. When you request the return of excess contribution, you must also include any earnings (also known as Net Income Attributable) or losses incurred. Generally, the excess contribution plus any earnings must be withdrawn by the deadline in order to avoid the 6% excise tax.

Disclosures

Funds being contributed into or distributed from retirement accounts may entail tax consequences. Contributions are limited and withdrawals before age 59 1/2 may be subject to a penalty tax.

Contents provided are for informational purposes only and do not constitute tax or investment advice. For specific questions, you should consult a tax professional. Robinhood does not provide tax advice. Links to third party sites are being provided for informational purposes only.

A Robinhood IRA is available to any of our U.S. customers with a Robinhood brokerage account in good standing. Note, if you have a B-Notice, you won’t be able to open an IRA until your account restrictions are lifted.

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Brokerage services are offered through Robinhood Financial LLC, (RHF) a registered broker dealer (member SIPC) and clearing services through Robinhood Securities, LLC, (RHS) a registered broker dealer (member SIPC). Cryptocurrency services are offered through Robinhood Crypto, LLC (RHC) (NMLS ID: 1702840). Robinhood Crypto is licensed to engage in virtual currency business activity by the New York State Department of Financial Services. The Robinhood spending account is offered through Robinhood Money, LLC (RHY) (NMLS ID: 1990968), a licensed money transmitter. A list of our licenses has more information. The Robinhood Cash Card is a prepaid card issued by Sutton Bank, Member FDIC, pursuant to a license from Mastercard®. Mastercard and the circles design are registered trademarks of Mastercard International Incorporated. RHF, RHY, RHC and RHS are affiliated entities and wholly owned subsidiaries of Robinhood Markets, Inc. RHF, RHY, RHC and RHS are not banks. Products offered by RHF are not FDIC insured and involve risk, including possible loss of principal. RHC is not a member of FINRA and accounts are not FDIC insured or protected by SIPC. RHY is not a member of FINRA, and products are not subject to SIPC protection, but funds held in the Robinhood spending account and Robinhood Cash Card account may be eligible for FDIC pass-through insurance (review the Robinhood Cash Card Agreement and the Robinhood Spending Account Agreement).

Options trading entails significant risk and is not appropriate for all customers. Customers must read and understand the Characteristics and Risks of Standardized Options before engaging in any options trading strategies. Options transactions are often complex and may involve the potential of losing the entire investment in a relatively short period of time. Certain complex options strategies carry additional risk, including the potential for losses that may exceed the original investment amount.

Commission-free trading of stocks, ETFs and options refers to $0 commissions for Robinhood Financial self-directed individual cash or margin brokerage accounts that trade U.S. listed securities and certain OTC securities electronically. Keep in mind, other fees such as trading (non-commission) fees, Gold subscription fees, wire transfer fees, and paper statement fees may apply to your brokerage account. Check out Robinhood Financial’s Fee Schedule for details.

© 2024 Robinhood. All rights reserved.