Extended-hours trading | Robinhood

Extended-hours trading

We’re giving you more time to trade the stocks you love.

Traditionally, the markets are open from 9:30 AM to 4 PM ET during normal business days. With extended-hours trading, you can also trade during our extended hours.

Extended hours give you an extra 6 ½ hours of trading, every single trading day:

  • Market hours are 9:30 AM–4 PM ET
  • Extended hours are 7–9:30 AM ET and 4–8 PM ET

During extended hours, the price shown on a stock's Detail page is the stock's last trade price on a Nasdaq exchange (the Nasdaq Stock Market, NASDAQ OMX BX, or NASDAQ OMX PHLX). Orders made outside market hours and extended-hours trading are queued for the start of the next regular market session, according to your instructions.

Potential reasons to trade during extended hours

  • Earnings announcements: The companies you own shares of may announce quarterly earnings after the market closes. Depending on the outcome, the stock’s price can move much more than it would during regular market hours. With extended-hours trading, you can potentially capture these opportunities as they happen.

  • Activity in foreign markets: Foreign markets, such as Asian or European markets can influence prices on U.S. markets. The extended or overnight trading sessions allow you to potentially capture opportunities around events in these other markets.

Keep in mind

There are also risks to extended-hours or overnight trading. Check out Risk factors to consider for more details.

Trading fractional shares during extended or overnight hours

Not all securities are eligible for fractional trading during extended hours. If a security is not eligible, you can either place an order for whole shares or queue a fractional order for the start of regular market hours (9:30 AM ET).

Only whole share orders are available for a limited number of securities during overnight hours.

Robinhood reviews the list of eligible securities on an ongoing basis and eligibility is determined based on liquidity conditions.

Order behavior during extended or overnight hours

Market orders

Our venues don’t support market orders during extended or overnight trading. Market orders placed during regular market hours expire at the end of regular market hours. Market orders placed during an extended-hours session (7 AM–9:30 AM or 4 PM–8 PM ET), during the overnight session (8 PM-7 AM ET), or when all sessions are closed, will be queued for the opening of regular market hours.

Note

We generally cancel fractional orders (share-based orders that include a fractional share and dollar-based orders) if they’re unexecuted after 5 minutes of being eligible for execution.

Limit orders

For limit orders where you set the limit price, you specify which trading session (Market, Extended, or 24 Hour Market) your order is valid for. A limit order will execute at its limit price or better.

  • Good-for-day (GFD) limit orders placed with an instruction to execute during regular market hours will expire at the close of regular market hours that day. GFD limit orders placed with an instruction to execute during extended hours will expire at the end of the last extended-hours session that day.

  • Good-til-canceled (GTC) limit orders placed with an instruction to execute during regular market hours or extended hours remain active through the regular or extended-hours sessions, respectively, until it’s executed in the market, or until you cancel it. GTC limit orders expire after 90 calendar days.

Limit orders with preset limit prices placed during regular market hours will expire at the end of regular market hours. If placed during an extended-hours session, and if the symbol is tradable during extended hours, these orders expire at the end of the last extended-hours session that day. If placed during extended hours, and if the symbol isn't tradable during extended hours, these orders are queued for regular market open.

Limit orders with preset limit prices placed while all sessions are closed or during the overnight session are queued for the start of the next regular market trading session. Keep in mind that a limit order won’t execute if it can’t be filled at the limit price or better.

Note

We generally cancel fractional orders (share-based orders that include a fractional share and dollar-based shares) if they’re either limit orders with preset limit prices but are still unmarketable or unexecuted after 5 minutes of being eligible for execution.

Stop orders

Stop orders won’t execute during extended or overnight hours. The stop limit and stop loss orders you place during extended or overnight hours will queue for the opening of regular market hours on the next trading day.

Trailing stop orders

Trailing stop orders won’t execute during extended or overnight hours. The trailing stop orders you place during extended or overnight hours will queue for the opening of regular market hours on the next trading day.

Risk factors to consider

You should consider the following points before engaging in the extended or overnight trading sessions.

Risk of lower liquidity

Liquidity refers to the ability of market participants to buy and sell securities. Generally, the more orders that are available in a market, the greater the liquidity. Liquidity is important because with greater liquidity it is easier for investors to buy or sell securities, and as a result, investors are more likely to pay or receive a competitive price for securities purchased or sold. Lower liquidity may occur during extended or overnight hours as compared to regular market hours. As a result, your order may only be partially executed, or not at all.

Risk of higher volatility

Volatility refers to the changes in price that securities undergo when trading. Generally, the higher the volatility of a security, the greater its price swings. There may be greater volatility during extended or overnight hours than during regular market hours. As a result, your order may only be partially executed, or not at all, or you may receive an inferior price when engaging in trading during extended or overnight hours as compared to regular market hours.

Risk of changing prices

The prices of securities traded during extended or overnight hours may not reflect the prices either at the end of regular market hours, or upon the opening of regular market hours on the next trading day. As a result, you may receive an inferior price when trading during extended or overnight hours as compared to regular market hours.

Risk of unlinked markets

Depending on the extended or overnight trading system or the time of day, the prices shown on a particular trading system may not reflect the prices in other concurrently operating trading systems dealing in the same securities. Accordingly, you may receive an inferior price when comparing prices between the different trading systems that could be used during extended or overnight hours.

Risk of news announcements

Normally, issuers make news announcements that may affect the price of their securities after regular market hours. Similarly, important financial information is frequently announced outside of regular market hours. Announcements that occur during extended or overnight trading hours, and if combined with lower liquidity and higher volatility, may cause an exaggerated and unsustainable effect on the price of a security.

Risk of wider spreads

The spread refers to the difference between the price at which a security can be purchased and the price at which it can be sold. Lower liquidity and higher volatility in extended or overnight trading may result in wider than normal spreads for a particular security, which in turn can cause you to receive an inferior price.

You can learn more in Extended-Hours Trading Disclosure.

Learn more about how the stock market works in What is the Stock Market?

Disclosures

Fractional shares are not liquid outside of Robinhood and not transferable. For a complete explanation of conditions, restrictions and limitations associated with fractional shares, review the Fractional Shares section in our Customer Agreement.

Content is provided for informational purposes only, which does not constitute investment advice, and is not a recommendation for any security or trading strategy. All investments involve risk, including the possible loss of capital. Past performance does not guarantee future results.

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All investing involves risk.

Brokerage services are offered through Robinhood Financial LLC, (“RHF”) a registered broker-dealer (member SIPC) and clearing services through Robinhood Securities, LLC, (“RHS”) a registered broker dealer (member SIPC). Cryptocurrency services are offered through Robinhood Crypto, LLC (“RHC”) (NMLS ID: 1702840). The Robinhood Money spending account is offered through Robinhood Money, LLC (“RHY”) (NMLS ID: 1990968), a licensed money transmitter. Credit card products are offered by Robinhood Credit, Inc. (“RCT“) (NMLS ID: 1781911 and issued by Coastal Community Bank, Member FDIC, pursuant to a license from Visa U.S.A. Inc.

The Robinhood Cash Card is a prepaid card issued by Sutton Bank, Member FDIC, pursuant to a license from Mastercard® International Incorporated. RHF, RHY, RHC and RHS are affiliated entities and wholly owned subsidiaries of Robinhood Markets, Inc. RHF, RHY, RHC and RHS are not banks. Securities products offered by RHF are not FDIC insured and involve risk, including possible loss of principal. Cryptocurrencies held in RHC accounts are not covered by FDIC or SIPC protections and are not regulated by FINRA. RHY products are not subject to SIPC coverage but funds held in the Robinhood Money spending account and Robinhood Cash Card account may be eligible for FDIC pass-through insurance (review the Robinhood Cash Card Agreement and the Robinhood Spending Account Agreement).

Options trading entails significant risk and is not appropriate for all customers. Customers must read and understand the Characteristics and Risks of Standardized Options before engaging in any options trading strategies. Options transactions are often complex and may involve the potential of losing the entire investment in a relatively short period of time. Certain complex options strategies carry additional risk, including the potential for losses that may exceed the original investment amount.

Commission-free trading of stocks, ETFs and options refers to $0 commissions for Robinhood Financial self-directed individual cash or margin brokerage accounts that trade U.S. listed securities and certain OTC securities electronically. Keep in mind, other fees such as trading (non-commission) fees, Gold subscription fees, wire transfer fees, and paper statement fees may apply to your brokerage account. Please see Robinhood Financial's Fee Schedule to learn more.

© 2024 Robinhood. All rights reserved.